Transylvania, also known as the land beyond the forest, is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian Mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains, including Vîrful Lăzaru.

Following the publication of Emily Gerard’s The Land Beyond the Forest (1888), Bram Stoker wrote his gothic horror novel Dracula in 1897, using Transylvania as a setting. With its success, Transylvania became associated in the English-speaking world with vampires. Since then it has been represented in fiction and literature as a land of mystery and magic. For example, in Paulo Coelho’s novel The Witch of Portobello, the main character, Sherine Khalil, is described as a Transylvanian orphan with a Romani mother, in an effort to add to the character’s exotic mystique. The so-called Transylvanian trilogy of historical novels by Miklos Banffy, The Writing on the Wall, is an extended treatment of the 19th and early 20th century social and political history of the country.