The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world’s oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth’s surface. It is bounded by Asia – namely, by the Indian subcontinent, after which the ocean is named – on the north; on the west by Africa; on the east by Australia; and on the south by the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, by Antarctica).

Since this series here is about the African side of the Indian Ocean, I have chosen the Swahili expression “Bahari ya Hindi”. Apart from that the Indian Ocean, is also known as “Ratnakara” in the ancient Sanskrit literature and means “the maker (creator) of gems”. In Hindi and in other Indian languages it’s called “Hind Mahasagar”.